DataSheet1_Establishment and Validation of a 5 m6A RNA Methylation Regulatory Gene Prognostic Model in Low-Grade Glioma.CSV
Background: The prognosis of low-grade glioma (LGG) is different from that of other intracranial tumors. Although many markers of LGG have been established, few are used in clinical practice. M6A methylation significantly affects the biological behavior of LGG tumors. Therefore, establishment of an LGG prognostic model based on m6A methylation regulatory genes is of great interest.
Methods: Data from 495 patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and 172 patients from the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) were analyzed. Univariate Cox analysis was used to identify methylation regulatory genes with prognostic significance. LASSO Cox regression was used to identify prognostic genes. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and Kaplan–Meier curves were used to verify the accuracy of the model. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) were used to identify cellular pathways that were significantly associated with the prognosis of LGG.
Results: A glioma prognostic model based on five methylation regulatory genes was established. Compared with low-risk patients, patients identified as high risk had a poorer prognosis. There was a high degree of consistency between the internal training and internal validation CGGA cohorts and the external validation TCGA cohort. Furthermore, KEGG and GSEA analyses showed that the focal adhesion and cell cycle pathways were significantly upregulated in high-risk patients. This signature could be used to distinguish among patients with different immune checkpoint gene expression levels, which may inform immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) immunotherapy.
Conclusion: We comprehensively evaluated m6A methylation regulatory genes in LGG and constructed a prognostic model based on m6A methylation, which may improve prognostic prediction for patients with LGG.
- Gene and Molecular Therapy
- Gene Expression (incl. Microarray and other genome-wide approaches)
- Genetically Modified Animals
- Livestock Cloning
- Developmental Genetics (incl. Sex Determination)
- Epigenetics (incl. Genome Methylation and Epigenomics)
- Genome Structure and Regulation
- Genetic Engineering