DataSheet1_Construction of the Classification Model Using Key Genes Identified Between Benign and Malignant Thyroid Nodules From Comprehensive Transcr.pdf (770.75 kB)
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DataSheet1_Construction of the Classification Model Using Key Genes Identified Between Benign and Malignant Thyroid Nodules From Comprehensive Transcriptomic Data.pdf

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posted on 14.01.2022, 05:00 authored by Qingxia Yang, Yaguo Gong

Thyroid nodules are present in upto 50% of the population worldwide, and thyroid malignancy occurs in only 5–15% of nodules. Until now, fine-needle biopsy with cytologic evaluation remains the diagnostic choice to determine the risk of malignancy, yet it fails to discriminate as benign or malignant in one-third of cases. In order to improve the diagnostic accuracy and reliability, molecular testing based on transcriptomic data has developed rapidly. However, gene signatures of thyroid nodules identified in a plenty of transcriptomic studies are highly inconsistent and extremely difficult to be applied in clinical application. Therefore, it is highly necessary to identify consistent signatures to discriminate benign or malignant thyroid nodules. In this study, five independent transcriptomic studies were combined to discover the gene signature between benign and malignant thyroid nodules. This combined dataset comprises 150 malignant and 93 benign thyroid samples. Then, there were 279 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) discovered by the feature selection method (Student’s t test and fold change). And the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was performed to identify the modules of highly co-expressed genes, and 454 genes in the gray module were discovered as the hub genes. The intersection between DEGs by the feature selection method and hub genes in the WGCNA model was identified as the key genes for thyroid nodules. Finally, four key genes (ST3GAL5, NRCAM, MT1F, and PROS1) participated in the pathogenesis of malignant thyroid nodules were validated using an independent dataset. Moreover, a high-performance classification model for discriminating thyroid nodules was constructed using these key genes. All in all, this study might provide a new insight into the key differentiation of benign and malignant thyroid nodules.

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