DataSheet1_Case Report: Phenotype-Driven Diagnosis of Atypical Dravet-Like Syndrome Caused by a Novel Splicing Variant in the SCN2A Gene.DOCX (566 kB)
Download file

DataSheet1_Case Report: Phenotype-Driven Diagnosis of Atypical Dravet-Like Syndrome Caused by a Novel Splicing Variant in the SCN2A Gene.DOCX

Download (566 kB)
dataset
posted on 31.05.2022, 04:32 authored by Artem Sharkov, Peter Sparber, Anna Stepanova, Denis Pyankov, Sergei Korostelev, Mikhail Skoblov

Febrile-associated epileptic encephalopathy is a large genetically heterogeneous group that is associated with pathogenic variants in SCN1A, PCDH19, SCN2A, SCN8A, and other genes. The disease onset ranges from neonatal or early-onset epileptic encephalopathy to late-onset epilepsy after 18 months. Some etiology-specific epileptic encephalopathies have target therapy which can serve as a clue for the correct genetic diagnosis. We present genetic, clinical, electroencephalographic, and behavioral features of a 4-year-old girl with epileptic encephalopathy related to a de novo intronic variant in the SCN2A gene. Initial NGS analysis revealed a frameshift variant in the KDM6A gene and a previously reported missense variant in SCN1A. Due to lack of typical clinical signs of Kabuki syndrome, we performed X-chromosome inactivation that revealed nearly complete skewed inactivation. Segregation analysis showed that the SCN1A variant was inherited from a healthy father. The proband had resistance to multiple antiseizure medications but responded well to sodium channel inhibitor Carbamazepine. Reanalysis of NGS data by a neurogeneticist revealed a previously uncharacterized heterozygous variant c.1035–7A>G in the SCN2A gene. Minigene assay showed that the c.1035–7A>G variant activates a cryptic intronic acceptor site which leads to 6-nucleotide extension of exon 9 (NP_066287.2:p.(Gly345_Gln346insTyrSer). SCN2A encephalopathy is a recognizable severe phenotype. Its electro-clinical and treatment response features can serve as a hallmark. In such a patient, reanalysis of genetic data is strongly recommended in case of negative or conflicting results of DNA analysis.

History

References