DataSheet1_Burden and Determinants of Chronic Kidney Disease Among Diabetic Patients in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.doc
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) among diabetic patients is becoming a global health burden with a high economic cost to health systems. The incidence of CKD is higher in low-income countries such as Ethiopia. In Ethiopia, there is no national representative evidence on the burden and determinants of CKD among patients with diabetes. Therefore, this review aimed to estimates the pooled burden and determinants of CKD among patients with diabetes.
Methods: Published articles from various electronic databases such as Pub Med, Google Scholar, CINAHL, Scopes, Cochrane library, the Web of Science, and African Journals Online were accessed. Also, unpublished studies from Addis Ababa digital library were identified. We included all observational studies (cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort) in the review. Data were extracted on the Microsoft Excel spreadsheet and analyzed using STATA 14.1 version. A random-effects model was used to estimate the pooled estimate with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Forest plots were used to visualize the presence of heterogeneity and estimate the pooled burden and determinants of chronic kidney disease among diabetic patients. The presence of publication bias was assessed by funnel plots and Egger’s statistical tests.
Results: Published (297) and unpublished (2) literature were identified from several databases and digital libraries, of which twelve articles were selected for final meta-analysis. Significant heterogeneity was observed across studies (I2 = 85.2%), which suggests a random-effects model to estimate pooled burden. The analysis found that the pooled burden of CKD among patients with diabetes was 18.22% (95% CI: 15.07–21.38). Factors such as hypertension (OR = 2.65, 95%, CI: 1.38, 5.09), type of DM (OR = 0.33, 95%, CI: 0.14–0.76), and duration of DM (OR = 0.51, 95%, CI: 0.34–0.77) were found to have significant association with CKD.
Conclusion: The current review revealed a higher burden of CKD among patients with diabetes in Ethiopia. The presence of hypertension, type II diabetes, and duration of diabetes for a longer duration were found to be independent determinants of CKD among patients with diabetes. For better control of chronic kidney disease, integrated management of hypertension and DM should be designed with a special focus on chronic diabetic patients.