DataSheet1_Bioactive Bibenzyl Enantiomers From the Tubers of Bletilla striata.docx (1.26 MB)
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DataSheet1_Bioactive Bibenzyl Enantiomers From the Tubers of Bletilla striata.docx

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posted on 2022-06-09, 09:30 authored by Mei Zhou, Sai Jiang, Changfen Chen, Jinyu Li, Huayong Lou, Mengyun Wang, Gezhou Liu, Hanfei Liu, Ting Liu, Weidong Pan

Six new bibenzyls (three pairs of enantiomers), bletstrins D–F (1–3), were isolated from the ethyl acetate-soluble (EtOAc) extract of tubers of Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Rchb f. Their structures, including absolute configurations, were determined by 1D/2D NMR spectroscopy, optical rotation value, and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data analyses, respectively. Compounds 1–3 possess a hydroxyl-substituted chiral center on the aliphatic bibenzyl bridge, which represented the first examples of natural bibenzyl enantiomers from the genus of Bletilla. The antibacterial, antitumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF-α), and neuroprotective effects of the isolates have been evaluated. Compounds 3a and 3b were effective against three Gram-positive bacteria with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 52–105 μg/ml. Compounds 2a and 2b exhibited significant inhibitory effects on TNF-α-mediated cytotoxicity in L929 cells with IC50 values of 25.7 ± 2.3 μM and 21.7 ± 1.7 μM, respectively. Subsequently, the possible anti-TNF-α mechanism of 2 was investigated by molecular docking simulation. Furthermore, the neuroprotective activities were tested on the H2O2-induced PC12 cell injury model, and compounds 2b, 3a, and 3b (10 μM) could obviously protect the cells with the cell viabilities of 57.86 ± 2.08%, 64.82 ± 2.84%, and 64.11 ± 2.52%, respectively.