DataSheet1_Automatic Detection of Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus via Deep Learning.PDF (869.73 kB)
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DataSheet1_Automatic Detection of Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus via Deep Learning.PDF

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posted on 2022-03-04, 04:02 authored by Gang Wang, Tiefeng Li, Lei Zhu, Siyuan Sun, Juntao Wang, Yidong Cui, Ben Liu, Yuliang Sun, Qingjia Xu, Jianmin Li

Screening of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) from MR imags usually requires time and efforts, and in most case lesions with small size are often missed in clinical practice. Thereore, it puts forward higher requirements for a more efficient OLTs screening method. To develop an automatic screening system for osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs), we collected 92 MRI images of patients with ankle pain from Qilu Hospital of Shandong University and proposed an AI (artificial intelligence) aided lesion screening system, which is automatic and based on deep learning method. A two-stage detection method based on the cascade R-CNN model was proposed to significantly improve the detection performance by taking advantage of multiple intersection-over-union thresholds. The backbone network was based on ResNet50, which was a state-of-art convolutional neural network model in image classification task. Multiple regression using cascaded detection heads was applied to further improve the detection precision. The mean average precision (mAP) that is adopted as major metrics in the paper and mean average recall (mAR) was selected to evaluate the performance of the model. Our proposed method has an average precision of 0.950, 0.975, and 0.550 for detecting the talus, gaps and lesions, respectively, and the mAP, mAR was 0.825, 0.930. Visualization of our network performance demonstrated the effectiveness of the model, which implied that accurate detection performance on these tasks could be further used in real clinical practice.