DataSheet1_Association of Angiogenesis Gene Expression With Cancer Prognosis and Immunotherapy Efficacy.PDF (806.86 kB)
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DataSheet1_Association of Angiogenesis Gene Expression With Cancer Prognosis and Immunotherapy Efficacy.PDF

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posted on 26.01.2022, 04:30 authored by Xin-yu Li, Wei-Ning Ma, Li-xin Su, Yuchen Shen, Liming Zhang, Yuhao Shao, Deming Wang, Zhenfeng Wang, Ming-Zhe Wen, Xi-tao Yang

Background: Several new blood vessels are formed during the process of tumor development. These new blood vessels provide nutrients and water for tumour growth, while spreading tumour cells to distant areas and forming new metastases in different parts of the body. The available evidence suggests that tumour angiogenesis is closely associated with the tumour microenvironment and is regulated by a variety of pro-angiogenic factors and/or angiogenic inhibitors.

Methods: In the present study, a comprehensive characterization of angiogenesis genes expression was performed in a pan-cancer analysis across the 33 human cancer types. Further, genetic data from several public databases were also used in the current study. An angiogenesis score was assigned to The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) pan-cancer data, with one angiogenesis score as per sample for each tumour.

Results: It was found that angiogenesis genes vary across cancer types, and are associated with a number of genomic and immunological features. Further, it was noted that macrophages and iTreg infiltration were generally higher in tumours with high angiogenesis scores, whereas lymphocytes and B cells showed the opposite trend. Notably, NK cells showed significantly different correlations among cancer types. Furthermore, results of the present study showed that a high angiogenesis score was associated with poor survival and aggressive types of cancer in most of the cancer types.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the current study evidently showed that the expression of angiogenesis genes is a key feature of tumour biology that has a major impact on prognosis of patient with cancers.

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