DataSheet1_Application of Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling in Preclinical Studies: A Feasible Strategy to Practice the Principles of 3Rs.DOCX (3 MB)
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DataSheet1_Application of Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling in Preclinical Studies: A Feasible Strategy to Practice the Principles of 3Rs.DOCX

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posted on 12.05.2022, 04:28 authored by Yawen Yuan, Qingfeng He, Shunguo Zhang, Min Li, Zhijia Tang, Xiao Zhu, Zheng Jiao, Weimin Cai, Xiaoqiang Xiang

Pharmacokinetic characterization plays a vital role in drug discovery and development. Although involving numerous laboratory animals with error-prone, labor-intensive, and time-consuming procedures, pharmacokinetic profiling is still irreplaceable in preclinical studies. With physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling, the in vivo profiles of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion can be predicted. To evaluate the application of such an approach in preclinical investigations, the plasma pharmacokinetic profiles of seven commonly used probe substrates of microsomal enzymes, including phenacetin, tolbutamide, omeprazole, metoprolol, chlorzoxazone, nifedipine, and baicalein, were predicted in rats using bottom-up PBPK models built with in vitro data alone. The prediction’s reliability was assessed by comparison with in vivo pharmacokinetic data reported in the literature. The overall predicted accuracy of PBPK models was good with most fold errors within 2, and the coefficient of determination (R2) between the predicted concentration data and the observed ones was more than 0.8. Moreover, most of the observation dots were within the prediction span of the sensitivity analysis. We conclude that PBPK modeling with acceptable accuracy may be incorporated into preclinical studies to refine in vivo investigations, and PBPK modeling is a feasible strategy to practice the principles of 3Rs.

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