DataSheet1_A Portable Controllable Compressive Stress Device to Monitor Human Breast Cancer Cell Protrusions at Single-Cell Resolution.docx (1.72 MB)
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DataSheet1_A Portable Controllable Compressive Stress Device to Monitor Human Breast Cancer Cell Protrusions at Single-Cell Resolution.docx

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posted on 24.02.2022, 05:02 by Chuan-Feng Yeh, Duane S. Juang, Ya-Wen Chen, Didem Rodoplu, Chia-Hsien Hsu

In vitro devices offer more numerous methods than in vivo models to investigate how cells respond to pressure stress and quantify those responses. Several in vitro devices have been developed to study the cell response to compression force. However, they are unable to observe morphological changes of cells in real-time. There is also a concern about cell damage during the process of harvesting cells from 3D gels. Here we report a device employing transparent, thin gel layers to clamp cells between the interfaces and applied a controllable compression force by stacking multiple layers on the top. In this approach, cells can be monitored for alteration of cellular protrusions, whose diversity has been proven to promote cancer cell dissemination, with single-cell resolution under compression force. Furthermore, p-Rac-1 and rhodamine staining on the device directly to confirm the actin filaments of lamellipodia. The method was able to fulfill real-time live-cell observation at single-cell resolution and can be readily used for versatile cell analysis. MDA-MB-231 and MCF7 breast cancer cells were utilized to demonstrate the utility of the device, and the results showed that the stimuli of compression force induce MDA-MB-231 and MCF7 to form lamellipodia and bleb protrusions, respectively. We envision the device may be used as a tool to explore mechanisms of membrane protrusion transitions and to screen drug candidates for inhibiting cancer cell protrusion plasticity for cancer therapy.

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