DataSheet1_A Cross-Linked Poly(Ethylene Oxide)-Based Electrolyte for All-Solid-State Lithium Metal Batteries With Long Cycling Stability.PDF (952.07 kB)
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DataSheet1_A Cross-Linked Poly(Ethylene Oxide)-Based Electrolyte for All-Solid-State Lithium Metal Batteries With Long Cycling Stability.PDF

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posted on 11.04.2022, 04:12 authored by Chengzhou Xin, Kaihua Wen, Shundong Guan, Chuanjiao Xue, Xinbin Wu, Liangliang Li, Ce-Wen Nan

A cross-linked poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)-based electrolyte with polyaryl polymethylene isocyanate (PAPI) as the cross-linking agent is synthesized by a facile one-pot reaction. The PEO chains are cross-linked by PAPI through the reaction between hydroxyl groups (−OH) and isocyanate groups (−N=C=O). The effects of PAPI on the electrochemical performance of the PEO-based electrolyte and the stability of the electrolyte/electrode interface are investigated. The PEO–PAPI electrolyte has an ionic conductivity of 9.3 × 10–5−1.3 × 10–4 S cm−1 at 60°C. The cross-linked PEO–PAPI electrolyte exhibits enhanced mechanical properties compared to pristine PEO and shows good compatibility with a lithium (Li) metal anode. An all-solid-state Li metal battery (ASSLMB) with the optimized PEO–PAPI electrolyte and a LiFePO4 cathode (1.62 mg cm−2 in mass loading) shows a discharge capacity of 112.8 mAh g−1 after 700 cycles with a current density of 88 μA cm−2 at 60°C. Even with a high mass loading of 8.4 mg cm−2, the ASSLMB with the cross-linked PEO-based electrolyte shows a good cycle performance. The experimental data show that the cross-linked PEO–PAPI electrolyte is a promising candidate for solid electrolytes used in ASSLMBs.

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