DataSheet1_ANLN Enhances Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Stemness Through TWIST1 and BMP2 and Promotes its Spheroid Growth.pdf (293.09 kB)
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DataSheet1_ANLN Enhances Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Stemness Through TWIST1 and BMP2 and Promotes its Spheroid Growth.pdf

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posted on 01.07.2021, 04:54 authored by Alishba Maryam, Y. Rebecca Chin

ANLN is frequently upregulated in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and its high expression in tumors are significantly associated with poor survival and recurrence, thereby it has been proposed to function as a prognostic marker for breast cancer. However, the specific function and molecular mechanisms by which ANLN promotes TNBC tumorigenesis remain elusive. Using multiomic profiling, we recently uncovered ANLN as a TNBC-specific gene driven by super-enhancer. Here, by Crispr/Cas9 editing, we showed that knockout of ANLN inhibits spheroid growth of TNBC. Interestingly, its effect on cell proliferation in 2D cultures is minimal. ANLN depletion inhibits mammosphere formation and clonogenicity potently, suggesting its important function in regulating cancer stem cells (CSCs). We screened a panel of stem cell-related genes and uncovered several CSC genes regulated by ANLN. We further identify TWIST1 and BMP2 as essential genes that mediate ANLN’s function in stemness but not spheroid growth. These findings may contribute to search for effective targeted therapies to treat TNBC.

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