Video_3_Pak1 Kinase Promotes Activated T Cell Trafficking by Regulating the Expression of L-Selectin and CCR7.AVI

Normal function of the adaptive immune system requires trafficking of T cells between the blood and lymphoid organs. Lymphocyte homing to lymph nodes requires that they cross endothelial barriers present in blood vessels and lymphatics. This multi-step process requires a remodeling of the lymphocyte plasma membrane, which is mediated by the dynamic re-arrangement of the actin cytoskeleton. Pak1 plays a central role in cell morphology, adhesion and migration in various cell types. Here we demonstrate that Pak1 is required for activated CD4+ T cell trafficking to lymph nodes. Pak1 deficiency in T cells causes a defect in the transcription of CCR7 and L-selectin, thereby altering lymphocyte trafficking. Additionally, we report an increase in L-selectin shedding in Pak1-deficient T cells, which correlates with a decrease in the recruitment of calmodulin to the cytoplasmic tail of L-selectin during T cell activation. Overall, our findings demonstrate that by regulating the expression of two major lymph node homing molecules, L-selectin and CCR7, Pak1 mediates activated CD4+ T cell trafficking.