Table_1_Sustained Intermittent Hypoxemia Induces Adiponectin Oligomers Redistribution and a Tissue-Specific Modulation of Adiponectin Receptor in Mice.DOCX

Introduction: Hypoxemia is a critical component of several respiratory diseases and is known to be involved in the processes underlying co-morbidities associated to such disorders, notably at the cardiovascular level. Circulating level of Adiponectin (Ad), known as a metabolic regulator and cardio-protective hormone was previously suggested to be reduced by hypoxia but consequences of such variation are unclear. The evaluation of the specific effect of hypoxemia on Ad forms and receptors could improve the understanding of the involvement of Ad axis in hypoxemia-related diseases.

Methods: Ad-pathway components were investigated in a murine model of sustained intermittent hypoxemia (FiO2 10%, 8 h/day, 35 days).

Results: Sustained intermittent hypoxemia (SIH) induced a redistribution of Ad multimers in favor of HMW forms, without change in total plasmatic level. Mice submitted to hypoxia also exhibited tissue-specific modification of adiporeceptor (AdipoR) protein level without mRNA expression change. A decreased AdipoR2 abundance was observed in skeletal muscle and heart whereas AdipoR1 level was only reduced in muscle. No change was observed in liver regarding AdipoR. Lipid profile was unchanged but glucose tolerance increased in hypoxemic mice.

Conclusion: Sustained intermittent hypoxemia, per se, modify Ad oligomerization state as well as AdipoR protein abundance in a tissue-specific way. That suggests alteration in Ad-dependant pathways in pathological conditions associated to SIH. Investigation of Ad-pathway components could therefore constitute useful complementary criteria for the clustering of patients with hypoxemia-related diseases and management of co-morbidities, as well as to develop new therapeutic strategies.