Table_1_Long-Term Return to Work After Acquired Brain Injury in Young Danish Adults: A Nation-Wide Registry-Based Cohort Study.pdf

Objective: (1) To determine patterns of return to work (RTW) after traumatic brain injury and other causes of acquired brain injury (ABI) among young adults aged 19–30 years and (2) to compare the stability of long-term labor-market attachment (LMA) to the background population.

Method: Nationwide registry-based inception cohort study of 10 years weekly data of employment status. Patients (n = 8,496) aged 19–30 years with first-ever diagnosis of TBI, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, encephalopathy, brain tumor, or CNS infections during 1999–2015. For comparison, a general population cohort (n = 206,025) individually matched on age, sex, and municipality was identified. The main outcome was RTW, which was defined as time to LMA, i.e., a week without public assistance benefits except education grants/leave. Stable labor-market attachment (sLMA) was defined as LMA for at least 75% over 52 weeks. The cumulative incidence proportions of RTW and stable RTW in the ABI cohort were estimated with the Aalen-Johansen estimator with death as a competing event.

Results: Twelve weeks after diagnosis 46.9% of ABI cohort had returned to stable RTW, which increased to 57.4% 1 year after, and 69.7% 10 years after. However, compared to controls fewer had sLMA 1 year (OR: 0.25 [95% CI 0.24–0.27]) and 10 years after diagnosis (OR: 0.35 [95% CI: 0.33–0.38]). Despite significant variations, sLMA was lower compared to the control cohort for all subtypes of ABI and no significant improvements were seen after 2–5 years.

Conclusion: Despite relatively fast RTW only a minor proportion of young patients with ABI achieves sLMA.