Table_1_Human Microbe-Disease Association Prediction With Graph Regularized Non-Negative Matrix Factorization.xlsx
A microbe is a microscopic organism which may exists in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells. In recent years, accumulating researchers have been engaged in the field of uncovering microbe-disease associations since microbes are found to be closely related to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of many complex human diseases. As an effective supplement to the traditional experiment, more and more computational models based on various algorithms have been proposed for microbe-disease association prediction to improve efficiency and cost savings. In this work, we developed a novel predictive model of Graph Regularized Non-negative Matrix Factorization for Human Microbe-Disease Association prediction (GRNMFHMDA). Initially, microbe similarity and disease similarity were constructed on the basis of the symptom-based disease similarity and Gaussian interaction profile kernel similarity for microbes and diseases. Subsequently, it is worth noting that we utilized a preprocessing step in which unknown microbe-disease pairs were assigned associated likelihood scores to avoid the possible negative impact on the prediction performance. Finally, we implemented a graph regularized non-negative matrix factorization framework to identify potential associations for all diseases simultaneously. To assess the performance of our model, cross validations including global leave-one-out cross validation (LOOCV) and local LOOCV were implemented. The AUCs of 0.8715 (global LOOCV) and 0.7898 (local LOOCV) proved the reliable performance of our computational model. In addition, we carried out two types of case studies on three different human diseases to further analyze the prediction performance of GRNMFHMDA, in which most of the top 10 predicted disease-related microbes were verified by database HMDAD or experimental literatures.