Table_1_Analysis of the Effect of Intestinal Ischemia and Reperfusion on the Rat Neutrophils Proteome.xlsx

Intestinal ischemia and reperfusion injury is a model system of possible consequences of severe trauma and surgery, which might result into tissue dysfunction and organ failure. Neutrophils contribute to the injuries preceded by ischemia and reperfusion. However, the mechanisms by which intestinal ischemia and reperfusion stimulate and activate circulating neutrophils is still not clear. In this work, we used proteomics approach to explore the underlying regulated mechanisms in Wistar rat neutrophils after ischemia and reperfusion. We isolated neutrophils from three different biological groups; control, sham laparotomy, and intestinal ischemia/reperfusion. In the workflow, we included iTRAQ-labeling quantification and peptide fractionation using HILIC prior to LC-MS/MS analysis. From proteomic analysis, we identified 2,045 proteins in total that were grouped into five different clusters based on their regulation trend between the experimental groups. A total of 417 proteins were found as significantly regulated in at least one of the analyzed conditions. Interestingly, the enzyme prediction analysis revealed that ischemia/reperfusion significantly reduced the relative abundance of most of the antioxidant and pro-survival molecules to cause more tissue damage and ROS production whereas some of the significantly up regulated enzymes were involved in cytoskeletal rearrangement, adhesion and migration. Clusters based KEGG pathways analysis revealed high motility, phagocytosis, directional migration, and activation of the cytoskeletal machinery in neutrophils after ischemia and reperfusion. Increased ROS production and decreased phagocytosis were experimentally validated by microscopy assays. Taken together, our findings provide a characterization of the rat neutrophil response to intestinal ischemia and reperfusion and the possible mechanisms involved in the tissue injury by neutrophils after intestinal ischemia and reperfusion.