Presentation_1_Decreased Bilateral FDG-PET Uptake and Inter-Hemispheric Connectivity in Multi-Domain Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Patients: A Preliminary Study.PDF

Background: Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is a heterogeneous condition. Based on clinical symptoms, aMCI could be categorized into single-domain aMCI (SD-aMCI, only memory deficit) and multi-domain aMCI (MD-aMCI, one or more cognitive domain deficit). As core intrinsic functional architecture, inter-hemispheric connectivity maintains many cognitive abilities. However, few studies investigated whether SD-aMCI and MD-aMCI have different inter-hemispheric connectivity pattern.

Methods: We evaluated inter-hemispheric connection pattern using fluorine-18 positron emission tomography – fluorodeoxyglucose (18F PET-FDG), resting-state functional MRI and structural T1 in 49 controls, 32 SD-aMCI, and 32 MD-aMCI patients. Specifically, we analyzed the 18F PET-FDG (intensity normalized by cerebellar vermis) in a voxel-wise manner. Then, we estimated inter-hemispheric functional and structural connectivity by calculating the voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) and corpus callosum (CC) subregions volume. Further, we correlated inter-hemispheric indices with the behavioral score and pathological biomarkers.

Results: We found that MD-aMCI exhibited more several inter-hemispheric connectivity damages than SD-aMCI. Specifically, MD-aMCI displayed hypometabolism in the bilateral middle temporal gyrus (MTG), inferior parietal lobe, and left precuneus (PCu) (p < 0.001, corrected). Correspondingly, MD-aMCI showed decreased VMHC in MTG, PCu, calcarine gyrus, and postcentral gyrus, as well as smaller mid-posterior CC than the SD-aMCI and controls (p < 0.05, corrected). Contrary to MD-aMCI, there were no neuroimaging indices with significant differences between SD-aMCI and controls, except reduced hypometabolism in bilateral MTG. Within aMCI patients, hypometabolism and reduced inter-hemispheric connectivity correlated with worse executive ability. Moreover, hypometabolism indices correlated to increased amyloid deposition.

Conclusion: In conclusion, patients with MD-aMCI exhibited the more severe deficit in inter-hemispheric communication than SD-aMCI. This long-range connectivity deficit may contribute to cognitive profiles and potentially serve as a biomarker to estimate disease progression of aMCI patients.