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Lake Taihu is a large shallow eutrophic lake with frequent recurrence of cyanobacterial bloom which has high variable distribution in space and time. Based on the field observations and remote sensing monitoring of cyanobacterial bloom occurrence, in conjunction with laboratory controlled experiments of mixing effects on large colony formation and colonies upward moving velocity measurements, it is found that the small or moderate wind-induced disturbance would increase the colonies size and enable it more easily to overcome the mixing and float to water surface rapidly during post-disturbance. The proposed mechanism of wind induced mixing on cyanobacterial colony enlargement is associated with the presence of the extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) which increased the size and buoyancy of cyanobacteria colonies and promote the colonies aggregate at the water surface to form bloom. Both the vertical movement and horizontal migration of cyanobacterial colonies were controlled by the wind induced hydrodynamics. Because of the high variation of wind and current coupling with the large cyanobacterial colony formation make the bloom occurrence as highly mutable in space and time. This physical factor determining cyanobacterial bloom formation in the large shallow lake differ from the previously documented light-mediated bloom formation dynamics.