Image_1_Right Hemisphere Lateralization in Neural Connectivity Within Fronto-Parietal Networks in Non-human Primates During a Visual Reaching Task.pdf

A fronto-parietal network, comprised of the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) and the dorsal premotor cortex (PMd) has been proposed to be involved in planning and guiding movement. However, the issue of how the network is expressed across the bilateral cortical area according to the effector's side remains unclear. In this study, we tested these questions using electrocorticographic (ECoG) recordings in non-human primates and using a simple visual guided reaching task that induced a left or right hand response based on relevant cues provided for the task. The findings indicate that right hemisphere lateralized network patterns in which the right PMd was strongly coordinated with bilateral PPC immediately after presentation of the movement cue occurred, while the coherence with the left PMd was not enhanced. No difference was found in the coherence pattern between the effector's side (left hand or right hand), but the strength of coherence was different, in that animals showed a higher coherence in the right hand response compared to the left. Our data support that right lateralization in long-range phase synchrony in the 10–20 Hz low beta band is involved in motor preparation stage, irrespective of the upcoming effector's side.