Image_1_Multi-Level Comparative Framework Based on Gene Pair-Wise Expression Across Three Insulin Target Tissues for Type 2 Diabetes.pdf

2019-03-26T05:06:15Z (GMT) by Shaoyan Sun Fengnan Sun Yong Wang

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is known as a disease caused by gene alterations characterized by insulin resistance, thus the insulin-responsive tissues are of great interest for T2D study. It’s of great relevance to systematically investigate commonalities and specificities of T2D among those tissues. Here we establish a multi-level comparative framework across three insulin target tissues (white adipose, skeletal muscle, and liver) to provide a better understanding of T2D. Starting from the ranks of gene expression, we constructed the ‘disease network’ through detecting diverse interactions to provide a well-characterization for disease affected tissues. Then, we applied random walk with restart algorithm to the disease network to prioritize its nodes and edges according to their association with T2D. Finally, we identified a merged core module by combining the clustering coefficient and Jaccard index, which can provide elaborate and visible illumination of the common and specific features for different tissues at network level. Taken together, our network-, gene-, and module-level characterization across different tissues of T2D hold the promise to provide a broader and deeper understanding for T2D mechanism.