Data_Sheet_1_Reliability of a Novel Video-Based Method for Assessing Age-Related Changes in Upper Limb Kinematics.ZIP

Monitoring age-related changes in motor function can be used to identify deviations that represent underlying diseases for which early diagnosis is often paramount for efficacious, interventional therapies. Currently, the availability of cost-effective and reliable diagnostic tools capable of routine monitoring is limited. Adequate diagnostic systems are needed to identify, monitor and distinguish early subclinical symptoms of neurological diseases from normal aging-associated changes. Herein, we describe the development, initial validation and reliability of the Hand-Arm Movement Monitoring System (HAMMS), a video-based data acquisition system built using a programmable, versatile platform for acquiring temporal and spatial metrics of hand and arm movements. A healthy aging population of 111 adults were used to evaluate the HAMMS via a repetitive motion test of changing target size. The test required participants to move a fiducial on their hand between two targets presented on a video monitor. The test-retest reliability based on Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICCs) for the system ranged from 0.56 to 0.87 and the Linear Correlation Coefficients (LCCs) ranged from 0.58 to 0.87. Average speed, average acceleration, speed error and center offset all demonstrated a positive correlation with age. Using an intertarget path of hand motion, we observed an age-dependent increase in the average number of points outside the most direct motion path, indicating a reduction in hand-arm movement control with age. The reliability, flexibility and programmability of the HAMMS makes this low cost, video-based platform an effective tool for evaluating longitudinal changes in hand-arm related movements and a potential diagnostic device for neurological diseases where hand-arm movements are affected.