Data_Sheet_1_Design, Synthesis, Antiviral Evaluation, and SAR Studies of New 1-(Phenylsulfonyl)-1H-Pyrazol−4-yl-Methylaniline Derivatives.PDF

A series of N-((3-phenyl-1-(phenylsulfonyl)-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)methyl)anilines 7a-p and 8a-l, structurally related to previously synthesized and tested (N-(1,3-diphenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)methyl)anilines (1a-v), were designed and synthesized. The new derivatives were evaluated in cell-based assays for their cytotoxicity and antiviral activity against a large panel of RNA and DNA viruses of public health significance. Generally, the tested compounds did not display cytotoxicity toward the cell lines used. The majority of derivatives 7a-p were able to interfered with YFV and RSV replication in the micromolar range showing a marked improvement in potency and selectivity with respect to the reference inhibitors 6-azauridine and ribavirin, respectively. The introduction of a p-methoxy substituent on the phenylsulfonyl group (compounds 8a-l) completely abolished the anti-RSV activity and reduced or eliminated the potency against YFV. On the contrary, several p-methoxy analogs were able to interfere with BVDV replication with a comparable (8b, 8c, 8g, and 8k) or better (8a and 8f) potency than the reference inhibitor, ribavirin. Compound 7e, selected for time of addition experiments on BHK-21 cell cultures infected with YFV, achieved the highest reduction of virus titer when added 2 h post infection and maintained up to 4 h post infection.